Professional poker player Phil Ivey has accused of using a ‘Robin Hood’ defence at the Supreme Court today as he bids to reclaim £7.7million of casino winnings – in a case dubbed ‘The Battle of the Dictionaries’.
The 40-year-old American, 바카라사이트 dubbed ‘The Tiger Woods of Poker’, has been fighting for five years to reclaim the winnings he took from Mayfair’s Crockfords Club along with Cheung Yin Sun.
After successfully playing a version of baccarat known as Punto Banco there in 2012, Ivey was told the money would be wired to him and he left for his Las Vegas home, but it never arrived – although his stake money of £1 million was returned.
He sued the casino in 2014 after they refused to pay him his huge winnings but a High Court judge reached the landmark decision that edge-sorting was cheating according to civil law.
Phil Ivey and Cheung Yin Sun (both pictured at an earlier court hearing in 2014) are trying to reclaim £7.7million winnings
Last year the Court of Appeal rejected Ivey’s argument that he was an ‘advantage player’ who was simply exploiting irregularities in the design on the back of the cards to work out which card was being dealt next.
Now the President of the Supreme Court, Lord Neuberger, together with Lady Hale, Lord Kerr, 온라인카지노 Lord Hughes and Lord Thomas are being asked to resolve whether Ivey cheated or not.
The case has been dubbed ‘the battle of the dictionaries’ because Ivey relies on the Oxford English Dictionary (1989) definition of cheat (‘to deal fraudulently, practice deceit’) while Crockford’s relies on the more recent Concise Oxford English Dictionary definition (‘to act dishonestly or unfairly in order to gain an advantage’).
Ivey did not appear in court but his barrister Richard Spearman QC argued that cheating requires dishonesty and therefore Ivey did not cheat.
After making reference to ‘the battle of the dictionaries’, Mr Spearman said: 바카라사이트추천 ‘We say we have won that because we have the better dictionary.’
Ivey (pictured at the World Series of Poker 2006) is one of the world’s top players
He added: ‘There is no finding at all that Mr Ivey was dishonest in any sense.He was found to be an honest witness who didn’t believe what he was doing was dishonest.
‘He contends he is entitled to be paid his winnings because edge-sorting is a legitimate advantage play technique.’
However Crockford’s say that Ivey’s belief about his own behaviour is irrelevant and amounts to a ‘Robin Hood’ defence.
Crockford’s barrister Christopher Pymont QC said: ‘It does not follow that just because he genuinely believed he was not a cheat he did not appreciate that what he was doing would be regarded as dishonesty by ordinary honest people.
‘The key to cheating is not whether the player acted dishonestly but whether he acted deliberately to gain an unfair advantage in the game.
‘He was dishonest in the criminal sense because an ordinary and honest person would not have acted as he did given that he knew full well he was changing the way the game was played in order to gain a substantial advantage.’
Mr Pymont added: ‘Edge sorting was designed to and 바카라사이트추천 did give him a good idea of what the cards were before he placed his bet and this plainly acted to defeat the essential premise of the game.Dishonesty had nothing to do with it.
‘Making his own belief as to the honesty of what he was doing the sole test of honesty in the criminal sense amounts to a sort of Robin Hood defence.’
The mythical outlaw Robin Hood famously justified his activities because he robbed from the rich to give to the poor.
A red, white and blue Typhoon soars over the White Cliffs of Dover ahead of Battle of Britain Day today.
With its delta wings emblazoned with a Union Flag design, it made a spectacular and stirring sight as it evoked the heroics of The Few.
The aircraft, call sign Blackjack, is from the RAF Typhoon Display Team based at RAF Coningsby in Lincolnshire.
After four days of displays at the Bournemouth Air Festival earlier this month, it was conducting a training exercise to intercept a low, slow target in unfamiliar airspace.
The Battle of Britain took place between July 10 and October 31, 1940.On September 15, 1940, the Luftwaffe launched a massive assault in the skies over Britain.
It was a day of heavy fighting and the Germans suffered significant casualties, with Fighter Command shooting down 56 aircraft.
It proved a decisive defeat for the Luftwaffe, and since then this date has been celebrated as Battle of Britain Day.
A red, white and blue RAF Typhoon soars over the White Cliffs of Dover ahead of Battle of Britain Day today
With its delta wings emblazoned with a Union Flag design, it made a spectacular and stirring sight as it evoked the heroics of The Few
A total of 544 RAF pilots and aircrew were killed during the Battle of Britain. Pilots’ average life expectancy was just four weeks.
It was the first major battle in history fought entirely in the air, and a dramatic turning point in the Second World War as it was the first military defeat suffered by Nazi Germany in that conflict.
Winston Churchill famously said of the sacrifices made by those who fought in the Battle of Britain: ‘Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.’
The aircraft, 홈카지노주소 call sign Blackjack, is from the RAF Typhoon Display Team based at RAF Coningsby in Lincolnshire
After four days of displays at the Bournemouth Air Festival earlier this month, it was conducting a training exercise to intercept a low, slow target in unfamiliar airspace
The aircraft put on an impressive display for anyone on the ground who may have been lucky enough to watch
A service of thanksgiving will be held at Westminster Abbey at 11am on Sunday to mark the 81st anniversary of the RAF’s triumph over the Luftwaffe on September 15, 1940
Attendance will be by invitation only.Due to Covid-19, numbers attending this service will be limited and social distancing will be observed
Battle of Britain hero Terry Clark, who was an air gunner on a Bristol Blenheim bomber, died aged 101 in May 2020 – leaving just one surviving member, John Hemingway, 102, of The Few.
A service of thanksgiving will be held at Westminster Abbey at 11am on Sunday to mark the 81st anniversary.
Attendance will be by invitation only.Due to Covid-19, numbers attending this service will be limited and social distancing will be observed.
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For the most up-to-date news and information about the coronavirus pandemic, visit the and websites.
As the rolls across the country, it’s a great time for families to stock up on . Although the Centers for 카지노사이트 Disease Control and Prevention have , 카지노사이트 the highly contagious still drives more than in the US every day.
Bringing large amounts of kids together indoors, with varying levels of mask wearing, means that the risks of COVID exposure and transmission are likely to rise. Now is as good a time as ever to claim your free at-home COVID tests from the US government, if you haven’t done so already.
On Jan. 19, the government launched , a website that let households order four free rapid antigen COVID-19 tests shipped by the US Postal Service. The site added four more free tests in March, and then another eight more in May. If you haven’t received any tests, you can still get all 16. It only takes 2 minutes to order your tests and, in my experience, USPS ships them out quickly. See below to find out how to get test kits, when they’ll arrive and what to do if you have problems.
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1. Visit . You can also get there via .
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People who can’t access the website or who have trouble ordering online can call 800-232-0233 to order their free tests.
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Once you place your order, you should receive a confirmation email. When your package ships, you’ll receive email notifications providing you with shipping updates, including a tracking number and estimated delivery date. Note that for 클레오카지노주소 the third round, you’ll receive two packages that’ll likely arrive on different days, so look for two confirmation emails with your tracking numbers.
Once you receive it, you can either click the tracking link or copy and paste the tracking number into the .
How many test kits can I get?
According to the USPS, each residential household is eligible for three rounds of free at-home rapid antigen COVID-19 tests, for a total of 16 kits.
Only one person per address will be able to place an order for the free tests, even if you have multiple people living in your home.
Can I choose which brand test I get?
No, there isn’t an option to choose which brand of test you will receive. All tests are rapid antigen tests authorized by the Food and Drug Administration, like iHealth.
When will the test kits arrive?
Tests are typically sent out within seven to 12 days of an order being successfully placed and are delivered by the USPS within one to three days of shipping.
What if I haven’t received my first or second batch of test kits?
The USPS says its site has had some difficulties recognizing certain residential addresses, especially apartment buildings, multifamily homes and residences connected to commercial properties.
If you have had issues placing an order, you can or call the USPS Help Desk at 800-ASK-USPS.
Is it OK to use a test kit that was left outside?
, manufacturers have ensured that the tests remain stable at various temperatures, «including shipping during the summer in very hot regions and in the winter in very cold regions.»
But a test may be damaged by being left outdoors in freezing temperatures or being used immediately after being brought inside from freezing temperatures.
The ideal temperature to store rapid antigen COVID-19 test kits is between 59 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit.
To ensure appropriate performance with a test delivered in freezing temperatures, bring the package inside and leave it unopened at room temperature for at least 2 hours before opening.
«As long as the test line[s] appear as described in the instructions, you can be confident that the test is performing as it should,» the FDA site says.
The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.
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has more Facebook fans than any other living person, and this week he set a new record: 코인카지노 60 million Facebook Likes. The 39-year-old rapper from Detroit is currently gaining some 24,000 Likes on average per day. The runner-up for the position is Rihanna, who is gaining 26,000 Likes daily.
Putting aside the totals for a second, the growth rates alone are astonishing. One has to wonder how many of these Facebook Likes are being made by .
If Rihanna overtakes Eminem, she’ll be avenging Lady Gaga, whom Eminem passed earlier last year. That’s right: it’s been a very slow race. I hinted , and it still hasn’t happened.
At the time of writing, here are the top 10 Facebook Pages, courtesy of (via ):
- with 116.82 million Likes.
- with 70.21 million Likes.
- with 63.80 million Likes.
- with 61.22 million Likes.
- with 60.08 million Likes.
- with 59.37 million Likes.
- with 53.76 million Likes.
- with 53.35 million Likes.
- with 53.00 million Likes.
- with 51.16 million Likes.
I’m always amused when reminded that the official Facebook Page is the most popular Facebook Page of all, even more popular than the official for Facebook itself. Sorry, that was quite a thoughtful.
Anyway, back to Marshall Mathers. The rapper probably doesn’t realize he made social networking history this week. Then again, that might be a good thing. His street cred would probably take a hit if he took a second to acknowledge his Facebook popularity.